SRISAILAM - ITS GEOGRAPHY & RELEVANCE
is one of the holy Shiva kshetrams (shrine) in the world. It is situated on the
top of a hill named Srisailam, Sriparvata or Srigiri, in the dense forest of
Nallamalla ranges in Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is on the
right side of river Krishna at an altitude of 1500 feet to M.S.L. at latitude
16º 12” North and longitude 78º 5” East with four gateways and four secondary
gateways occupied in 384 km in length and384 km width with an extension of
1,47,456 sq km.
deity presiding in the holy shrine is the God Shiva called MALLIKARJUNA Mahalinga believed to be a Svayambhulinga or self-emanated Linga and regarded to be one of the
12 Jyotrilingas, known as Dwadasa Jyothirlingas. Mallikarjuna of Srisailam is
second of this kind. Bhramaraambikadevi (Bhrama means honeybee), the consort of
Lord is believed to be one of the 18 Sakthi-peethas formerly known as Ashtaadasa Mahashakthi Peethas, Goddess
Bhramaraamba is first of the 18 Shakthi-peethas according to Bharathakanda.
river Krishna is flowing atr a depth of nearly 1000 meters from top of the
hill. The river enters this hill range at Somasila in Kurnool DT. It is very
pleasant near Srisailam, where it is called Paatalaganga. A part of the
Srisailam pilgrimage is a visit to the Paatalaganga in order to bathe there.
Many pilgrims carry the water uphill in order to bathe the icon of Lord
Mallikarjuna. The construction of hydro-electric project has brought about many
changes including roads and colonies.
is well connected by roads from all major cities like Hyderabad (220 km),
Vijayawada (230 km), Kurnool, (175 km). The nearest railway station is
Markapur, well connected with trains. From Markapur we have to take a road
journey via Dornala.
to the puranas, the shrine of Srisailam is matchless, incomparable and second
to none. Srisailam is an ancient and holy shrine. There are many specialties in
this shrine. No other shrine has as many as Tirdhas, temples, Kundalas,
gardens, rivers, Gods and Goddesses, and Shaktis.
temple has great historical importance in addition to being a place of high
spirituality. The great sage Vyasa, who authored Maha Bharata, classified Vedas
into four, compiled 18 puranas of which Skanda purana is one. In Srisailakhanda
of Sanatkumara Samhita of Skandhapurana, Vyasa described about the greatness of
this holy temple. It is mentioned in Skanda purana that lord Shiva narrated the
greatness of Srisailam in detail to goddess Parvati. Lord Rama, after killing
Ravana, circumambulated (made Pradakshina) Srisailam to get liberated from the
Brahmahatya dosha, attributed to him owing to the killing of Ravana. Daksha
performed Yagna here at Sangameshwara Teertha. Srisailakhanda says, this
mountain was earlier known as Mantharaparvata. Later, a woman called Vasumathi
performed penance on this mountain for Lord Brahma. The lord, who was happy
with her penance, gave her a boon after which she came to be known as Sri
Devata. The mountain of Srisaila is believed to named after her.
is the ideal place for sages, saints and rishis. There are 8 mountains such as
Vaiduryam, Brahmesvaram, Manikyam, Pravalla, Roupya, Hema, Marakatha, and
Vajrala called Asthabhairavas. 9 Kadalivanalu, 9 Nandis (Nava nandulu), 9
Bhilas, 9 Puranas, 9 kupas, 9 Peethadhipathis for this shrine.
to sankalpa of Nityakarmaanusta we have to notice the holiness of Srisailam.
Bharathavarshe-Bharathakhande, merore dakshinadigbhage,
Srisailasya nairuthi pradeshe,
main theme of chanting this mantra being the actual geographical location to
Srisailam where devotees perform their regular prayers or abhishekams to
Srisailam stress the importance of Srisailam. . Thus it is said Srisailam is
the navel (Nabhisthanam) of the earth.
“Srisaila Sikharam drustya punarjanma
is said that by merely taking a glance of the tip of Srisaila sikharam, one
gets emancipated from all sins. The persons become free from the vicious loop
of life and death.
the Gods worshipped were naturally originated; hence known as “Swayambhoowas”.
Because of these reasons, Srisailam got fame and earned sacredness when
compared to the other kshetras. No other kshetra retained both Jyotirlinga and
Shakti peetha at the same place in the world.
is one of the causes of calling Andhrapradesh as Trilingadesa. Other places are
Drakshaaraamam of East Godawari and Kaalesvaram of Karimnagar DT.
of caste, creed, sex, place every devotee can touch the statue with hands, bow
their heads and express their sufferings to God. At the instance, they feel
relieved of all their hardships and experience a kind of self-satisfaction
which is ETERNAL and divine.
Skanda purana, greatness of Srisailam was said that lakhs of rupees donating in
Kurukshetra, bathing two thousand times in river Ganges, performing longtime
diksha in the bank of Narmada river, living lakhs of years in Kasi gives hoe
much of moksha (punyam) more than that much of moksha we get by visiting Srisailam
one time in a life.
to Skanda purana, lord Shiva said to Parvathi devi that whoever visited
Srisailam would rdeserve more fruits in life and get closer to salvation when
compared to those who performed ‘Godana’ (offering cow), Kanyadana, yagnas,
etc. Also, the virtue (punyam) earned by performing Annadana to a single person
in Srisailam ill be equivalent to performing Annadana to one lakh people in
Prayaga, 2 lakh people in Kasi and 7 lakh people in the bank of Ganges river.
popularity of Srisailam is as ancient as the inception of 'yugas'. It is said
that in Krita yuga, Srisailam was treated as puja mandir by Hiranyakasipa, in
Treta yuga, lord Sri Rama and Sita devi visited Srisailam and he installed
Sahasralinga while he was in aranyavasa, during vanavasa Pandavas stayed
sometime and installed 5 lingas known as Satyajata lingas. Even today the
devotees worship these lingas.
Mahima (Miracle of Srisailam)
“Kedara Sthodakam peetwa waaranasyaam,
Srisaila sikharam drushtya
punarjanma na vidyate”
Meaning: Drinking of water in
Kedarnath, Attaining natural death in Varanasi (Kasi) No rebirth by having a
glance of (visiting) peak of Srisailam. Meaning that it is very difficult to
drink water in Kedarnath, which is located in ice mountains i.e. Himalayas. It
is also painful process of waiting in Kasi (Varanasi) till one's natural death.
But it is very easy to relinquish rebirth (No punarjanma) by visiting Srisailam
at least once in lifetime.